UIUX Design

UX design refers to user experience design, while UI design stands for user interface design. Both of these are crucial to an IT product and need to work closely together. Despite being very integral to each other, the roles themselves are quite different, involving distinct processes.

Web Applications & Desktop Application

Web application


Web application development is the creation of application programs that reside on remote servers and are delivered to the user’s device over the Internet. A web application (web app) does not need to be downloaded and is instead accessed through a network. An end user can access a web application through a web browser such as Google Chrome, Safari, or Mozilla Firefox. A majority of web applications can be written in JavaScript, Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), and HTML5.

Web application development will typically have a short development life-cycle lead by a small development team. Front-end development for web applications is accomplished through client-side programming. Client refers to a computer application such as a web browser. Client-side programming will typically utilize HTML, CSS and JavaScript. HTML programming will instruct a browser how to display the on-screen content of web pages, while CSS keeps displayed information in the correct format. JavaScript will run JavaScript code on a web page, making some of the content interactive. Server-side programming powers the client-side programming and is used to create the scripts that web applications use. Scripts can be written in multiple scripting languages such as Ruby, Java and Python. Server-side scripting will create a custom interface for the end-user and will hide the source code that makes up the interface. A database such as MySQL or MongoDB can be used to store data in web application development. Best Practices Web applications will have a large amount of information that may contain mistakes, so the testing process for web applications tend to be more in-depth than other forms of software. Web application development tests may include security, performance, load, stress, accessibility, usability and quality assurance tests. Other tests that can be performed for web applications include HTML/CSS validation or cross-browser tests. Many of these tests can and should be automated whenever possible. Tools Helpful web application development tools include:
Bootstrap: an automation framework which manages HTML and CSS. jQuery and Ruby on Rails: for JavaScript libraries and frameworks respectively.
js: is a JavaScript runtime used as a back-end programming tool.

VS Native and Hybrid Apps Web applications are sometimes contrasted with native apps and hybrid apps. Native apps are applications that are developed specifically for a particular platform or device and installed on that device. Native apps can use device-specific hardware, such as GPS or cameras. Native apps typically have an advantage in functionality over web or hybrid apps.

Hybrid apps are a combination of native and web apps. The inner workings of a hybrid application are similar to a web application but are installed similar to how a native app would be. Hybrid applications have access to internal APIs which can access device-specific resources similar to (but not as efficiently as) a native application. For example, native apps are faster and perform more efficiently because native apps are designed to be platform specific. Hybrid apps have the same navigational elements as web apps since hybrid apps are based on web applications. Additionally, there is no off-line mode for hybrid applications.


Desktop Application vs Web application

Software application development began with desktop applications, which could be used on standalone machines only. However, with the advent of internet and online commerce, web application development gained importance. Word processors and media players can be considered to be typical desktop applications, while an online shopping cart on an ecommerce website can be considered as a web application. By definition, a desktop application means any software that can be installed on a single computer (laptop or a desktop) and used to perform specific tasks. Some desktop applications can also be used by multiple users in a networked environment. Web application development, however, soon started replacing desktop applications for reasons of portability and better functions from usability point of view. Web application development is usually made on client-server architecture and use a web-browser as the client interface. This is one of the reasons why web applications are so widely getting popular. Though web applications offer a slight advantage over desktop applications, there is a very narrow chance of desktop applications becoming outdated.

The primary reason for this could be the security issues and legalities associated with web based applications. Following is a basic comparison on desktop and web based applications based on certain parameters:

Maintenance - web based applications need to be installed only once where as desktop applications are to be installed separately on each computer. Also updating the applications is cumbersome with desktop applications as it needs to be done on every single computer which is not the case with web applications.

Ease of use - desktop applications are confined to a physical location and hence have usability constraint. Web applications development on the other hand makes it convenient for the users to access the application from any location using the Internet.

Security - web applications are exposed to more security risks than desktop applications. You can have a total control over the standalone applications and protect it from various vulnerabilities. This may not be the case with web applications as they are open to a large number of users in the Internet community thus widening the threat.

Connectivity - web application development relies significantly on Internet connectivity and speed. Absence of Internet or its poor connectivity can cause performance issues with web applications. Desktop applications are standalone in nature and hence do not face any hindrances resulting from Internet connectivity. Connectivity also significantly affects the speed at which desktop and web applications operate.

Cost factor - web application development and its maintenance involve higher costs and mostly recurring in nature. Desktop applications are purchased one time and there are not continually occurring charges. However, in certain cases, maintenance fees may be charged.
Having considered the basics of desktop and web application development, the selection of a suitable type will depend on the business needs and factors discussed in the comparison given above.

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